Free shipping on all U.S. orders

Your cart

Your cart is empty

Not sure where to start?
Try these categories:

Elderly woman getting up from bed. Text: Supplements for weak legs in elderly

Supplements for Weak Legs in the Elderly

Muscle weakness from injuries, health conditions, and the natural deceleration of our body's processes, which are responsible for building and maintaining muscle mass, are some reasons we might feel weak as we age. As these processes slow down, we may find that our strength isn't what it used to be, and tasks that once were simple can become unexpectedly challenging.

Leg muscles, in particular, are crucial for a wide range of daily activities — from walking and climbing stairs to standing up from a seated position. Strong legs help us perform these tasks more efficiently and play a significant role in maintaining balance and preventing falls, a common cause of injury among the elderly.

The good news is there are steps we can take to mitigate the impact of aging on our leg muscles. Regular exercise and nutrition are key players. However, certain supplements have also been shown to support muscle function and overall strength, complementing traditional exercise and diet approaches.

While we might not be able to stop the natural aging process completely, these proactive measures can help us maintain leg strength, mobility, and independence for as long as possible.

What Causes Weak Legs in the Elderly?

Weak legs in older adults can significantly impair mobility and independence, contributing to a reduced quality of life. Understanding the causes of decreased muscle strength is important in prevention and management. Here's a more detailed look at common factors contributing to weak leg muscles in the elderly.

  • Muscle Mass Decrease: Muscle mass decline is a natural part of aging, and it can weaken leg strength and stability.
  • Lack of Movement: Sedentary lifestyles contribute significantly to muscle deterioration.
  • Health Conditions or Injury: Certain medical conditions or injuries can exacerbate muscle weakness.
  • Mitochondrial Function Decline: As we age, the efficiency of mitochondria, crucial for energy production in muscle cells, tends to decrease.

What is Sudden Leg Weakness?

Sudden leg weakness is the marked decrease in leg strength that happens abruptly. Unlike gradual muscle weakening due to natural aging, sudden leg weakness seems to occur out of nowhere and is often a sign of a more serious underlying medical issue.

Signs of sudden leg weakness in older adults include:

  • Inability to support weight
  • Difficulty walking
  • Loss of balance and coordination
  • Muscle spasms and cramps
  • Pain
  • Sudden fatigue

Because sudden weak leg muscles can be a symptom of an acute medical issue, you must seek medical attention immediately. Conditions such as a stroke, spinal cord injury, nerve damage, and infections could be the cause and require a prompt diagnosis and treatment.

The Best Supplements To Support Muscle Function in Elderly

  1. Neurogan Health Urolithin A
  2. Neurogan Health Coenzyme Q10
  3. Neurogan Health Epicatechin
  4. Ritual Daily Protein Shake 50+
  5. Transparent Lab BCAA Glutamine

Neurogan Health Urolithin A

Bottle of Neurogan Health Urolithin A

Urolithin A is a metabolite the gut produces after consuming foods containing ellagitannins, like pomegranates, berries, and nuts. This compound has been found to support mitochondrial function by stimulating mitophagy — recycling damaged mitochondria and replacing them with new ones [1].

Improved mitochondrial function can lead to better energy production within muscle cells, potentially increasing muscle strength and endurance in older adults [2]. Studies also point to Urolithin A as having a role in promoting muscle protein synthesis for muscle growth and repair [3].

By potentially enhancing this process, Urolithin A could help counteract the natural decline in muscle mass experienced by older adults.

Neurogan Health Coenzyme Q10

Bottle of Neurogan Health Coenzyme Q10

Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ1o) is a ubiquinone that plays an important role in cellular energy and is an antioxidant in the body. Because of its role in cellular energy support, it's concentrated in the mitochondria.

As we age, mitochondrial efficiency can decline, leading to decreased ATP (adenosine triphosphate)—the cell's primary energy currency—and increased oxidative stress.

Some research suggests that CoQ10 supplementation can help to complement one's exercise routine and may help to reduce recovery downtime, which may be beneficial in older adults, helping them to improve exercise capacity [4].

Neurogan Health Epicatechin


Bottle of Neurogan Health Epicatechin
Epicatechin is a flavonol found in green tea, cocoa, and dark chocolate. It's been gaining much attention in the wellness space due to its potential positive effects on cardiovascular health and muscular strength and endurance [5].


Epicatechin has been shown to encourage nitric oxide production in the body, which helps to improve blood flow and oxygen delivery to muscles during exercise [6].

Furthermore, some research suggests that epicatechin may also support mitochondrial biogenesis (creating new mitochondria), which we know is important for improved energy production and healthy muscle function [7].

When it comes to building skeletal muscle, epicatechin has been found to influence pathways involved in muscle growth through the modulation of myostatin, a protein that inhibits muscle cell growth. By reducing the activity of myostatin, epicatechin could theoretically support muscle growth and strength, making it particularly interesting for combating age-related muscle loss [5].

Ritual Protein Shake 50+

Bag of Ritual Protein Shake 50+

Protein shakes, particularly those designed with the needs of older adults in mind, like Ritual Daily Protein Shake 50+, can really help supplement one's diet and maintain muscle mass and strength.

Ritual Daily Protein Shake 50+ is made from plant-based proteins, which can be an excellent option for older adults who may have sensitivities to dairy-based proteins or follow a vegetarian or vegan diet.

Transparent Lab BCAA Glutamine

Bottle of Transparent Lab BCAA Glutamine

Branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) consist of three essential amino acids: leucine, isoleucine, and valine. They're "essential "because the body doesn't produce them independently and must be obtained through diet.

BCAAs are unique because they metabolize directly in the muscle tissue, helping with protein synthesis and energy production during exercise.

Transparent Lab's BCAA Glutamine supplement combines BCAAs with glutamine, another crucial amino acid for muscle health. Glutamine has been shown to support immune system function, gut health, and muscle tissue repair, making it a valuable addition to this BCAA supplement.

What Vitamins to Eat for Weak Legs in the Elderly

  • Vitamin B Complex: Supports energy production and muscle repair. Our well-balanced Vitamin B Complex tablet covers all your energy, muscle, and cognitive support bases.
  • Vitamin D: Essential for muscle function and bone health. Vitamin D deficiency is notably common among the elderly. Vitamin D supplements are relatively affordable and come in all sorts of formats. One of our favorites is the Vitamin D offered by Thorne Research.
  • Vitamin E: An antioxidant that supports muscle health by combating oxidative stress and has been extensively researched for improving the quality of life in the elderly [8]. Most multivitamins contain vitamin E. Centrum makes a dependable multivitamin for the elderly.

What to Eat to Make Legs Strong

A diet rich in proteins is essential for muscle maintenance and repair. Foods such as chicken, fish, eggs, and dairy are excellent sources.

Legumes, nuts, and soy products are valuable protein sources for those following a vegan diet. A balanced diet with these foods can help support muscle strength and overall health. If you find that you lack the appetite to meet your protein intake, supplementing with a protein shake can help you reach your goals, but it shouldn't be your primary source of protein.

How To Strengthen Weak Legs in the Elderly

Regular exercise and professional physiotherapy help improve leg strength and stability in the elderly.

Walking is a simple yet effective form of exercise. It helps improve cardiovascular health, strengthens leg muscles, and enhances balance and coordination. Best of all, it's accessible for most people and can be adjusted in intensity and duration to match your fitness level.

Swimming and water aerobic exercises are excellent for older adults because they're low-impact, reducing the risk of injury. The buoyancy of water supports the body, reducing the strain on joints and muscles while at the same time providing gentle resistance to strengthen leg muscles.

With the guidance of an experienced trainer who can help you modify exercises to suit your fitness level, strength, and resistance, training can leverage big gains for improving muscle function and overall strength. Simple exercises like seated leg lifts, standing calf raises, and light squats or lunges with or without the support of a chair can help build muscle mass and enhance stability. Using resistance bands or light weights can further increase muscle strength over time.

The Takeaway: Supplements for Weak Legs for Older Adults

Older adults are much more susceptive to losing muscle mass. While natural muscle loss is a part of aging, adopting an active lifestyle, eating a balanced diet, prioritizing protein intake, and considering certain supplements can go a long way in supporting independence and mobility.

This article is only meant to be a stepping stone and an informational guide and shouldn't replace advice from your healthcare professional. You should consult with them before starting any new supplement, especially for individuals with pre-existing health conditions.

By taking proactive steps today, we can support our health and maintain our quality of life as we age.

FAQs for Supplements for Weak Muscles in Elderly

What vitamins help the elderly with weak legs?

Vitamins that support muscle health and can be beneficial for elderly people with weak legs include Vitamin D, which helps with calcium absorption and muscle function; vitamin B12, which is important for nerve function and energy production; and Vitamin E, known for its antioxidant properties that can help protect muscle cells from damage.

What do when the elderly lose strength in their legs?

When elderly individuals lose leg strength, consulting with a healthcare provider to identify any underlying causes should be the first step. Regular, gentle exercises tailored to their ability, balanced nutrition, and possibly physical therapy can help maintain or improve leg strength.

How can I regain strength in my weak legs?

There's no quick fix to regain strength in your muscles. Regaining strength in weak legs can be achieved through regular exercise, such as walking, swimming, or strength training exercises tailored to your ability level; a balanced diet rich in proteins and vitamins; and staying active daily.

How do 80-year-olds strengthen their legs?

To strengthen their legs, 80-year-olds should engage in low-impact exercises tailored to their fitness levels, such as walking, water aerobics, or gentle yoga. Strength training exercises, under the guidance of a healthcare professional or physiotherapist, could also be advantageous. In addition, maintaining a nutritious diet focused on protein intake and staying as active as possible is all part of maintaining muscle health.


  1. Andreux, P. A., Blanco-Bose, W., Ryu, D., Burdet, F., Ibberson, M., Aebischer, P., ... & Rinsch, C. (2019). The mitophagy activator urolithin A is safe and induces a molecular signature of improved mitochondrial and cellular health in humans. Nature Metabolism, 1(6), 595-603.
  2. Liu, S., D’Amico, D., Shankland, E., Bhayana, S., Garcia, J. M., Aebischer, P., ... & Marcinek, D. J. (2022). Effect of urolithin A supplementation on muscle endurance and mitochondrial health in older adults: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA network open, 5(1), e2144279-e2144279.
  3. Zhao, H., Song, G., Zhu, H., Qian, H., Pan, X., Song, X., ... & Liu, C. (2023). Pharmacological Effects of Urolithin A and Its Role in Muscle Health and Performance: Current Knowledge and Prospects. Nutrients, 15(20), 4441.
  4. Drobnic, F., Lizarraga, M. A., Caballero-García, A., & Cordova, A. (2022). Coenzyme Q10 supplementation and its impact on exercise and sport performance in humans: a recovery or a performance-enhancing molecule?. Nutrients, 14(9), 1811.
  5. Gutierrez-Salmean, G., Ciaraldi, T. P., Nogueira, L., Barboza, J., Taub, P. R., Hogan, M. C., ... & Ramirez-Sanchez, I. (2014). Effects of (−)-epicatechin on molecular modulators of skeletal muscle growth and differentiation. The Journal of nutritional biochemistry, 25(1), 91-94.
  6. Brossette, T., Hundsdörfer, C., Kröncke, K. D., Sies, H., & Stahl, W. (2011). Direct evidence that (−)-epicatechin increases nitric oxide levels in human endothelial cells. European journal of nutrition, 50, 595-599.
  7. McDonald, C. M., Ramirez‐Sanchez, I., Oskarsson, B., Joyce, N., Aguilar, C., Nicorici, A., ... & Henricson, E. K. (2021). (−)‐Epicatechin induces mitochondrial biogenesis and markers of muscle regeneration in adults with Becker muscular dystrophy. Muscle & Nerve, 63(2), 239-249.
Capuron, L., Moranis, A., Combe, N., Cousson-Gélie, F., Fuchs, D., De Smedt-Peyrusse, V., ... & Layé, S. (2009). Vitamin E status and quality of life in the elderly: influence of inflammatory processes. British journal of nutrition, 102(10), 1390-1394.
Previous post
Next post


Katrina Lubiano

Based in Canada, Katrina is an experienced content writer and editor specializing in health and wellness. With a journalistic approach, she's crafted over 900,000 words on supplements, striving to debunk myths and foster a holistic approach to healthi...